Fundamentals of Web Development


by admin
18 Tech

Do you dream of learning how to build a website, but are you afraid it will get complicated because you are just starting out? By learning the fundamentals of web development, you can easily build a website.

Web development is a specialized field of software engineering. It focuses on creating web pages. Web pages or web applications are codebases. They are downloaded and processed in our web browser (for example, Google Chrome) whenever a user uses a website address.

The major fundamentals of web development are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. All the developers have to go through these basics to build websites. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of web development.

Fundamentals of Web Development

Web developers are growing and in high demand. This is why you need to have specialized skills to promote your business. Here are some basic website essentials that help you to build the webpage:

  • HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This is the language in which all websites are written. When you load a web page, the first thing your browser does is download HTML for a web page with a specific Syntax. Then read the language to understand the contents of the web page. Everything from links, buttons, videos, animations, images, and graphics is embedded in HTML and tells the browser what’s on the website.

Web-based HTML was introduced more than two decades ago. However, its use exploded when the fourth version of HTML (known as HTML4) was introduced in the new century. HTML4 has changed everything, and web browsing has always been popular because the web has become easier to develop.

However, HTML4 still has some drawbacks. Although it is a strong language, it still lacks the ability to support dynamic functions such as video animation and video streaming. To support these items, you need to install plugins that slow down and disable user’s computers and mobile devices. So it became increasingly clear that a newer version of HTML was needed.

This led to the latest version of HTML5. The most important feature of HTML5 is stream videos better while saving both bandwidth and battery life. It has become the new standard for website implementation, and many websites have eradicated the plugin to run their site. While some functions can only be achieved with a plugin, HTML5 has all the capabilities a user could expect. It will surely be used for web development now and in the future.

  • CSS

When a browser loads a web page, it typically downloads two items to create the final website, HTML and CSS. As we have already discussed in HTML, the language which contains the most crucial content of a web page. However, HTML does not include how to display the information. For example, if a browser’s HTML code tells you that there is a line of text on the page, the browser will not yet know where to place the text and what it looks like. The visual web page information types are stored in a separate CSS file.

CSS has remained the same for many years. With the recent development of HTML, a new version called CSS3 has been released, so everything from video streaming to complex animations is taken care of. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Its sole purpose is to tell the browser how to present the HTML and image style. It includes all the necessary information in your code, including a copy. CSS works with HTML and adjusts all tags and headers as needed by the website.

  • JavaScript

JavaScript is a programming language designed to run browsers. Using JavaScript, you can activate your website, which means it will respond to various inputs from users or other sources.

For example, you can create a “back to top” button that appears at the top of the page when a user clicks. Or you can create a weather widget that reflects the time of day according to the user’s location around the world.

Especially if you want to improve your JavaScript framework skills, you better take the time to learn Vanilla JavaScript regularly. This is a fun and entertaining language to learn, and there are many things you can do here!

  • JQuery

Most web developers use Java and JavaScript to provide interactivity. These are the languages that are used in conjunction with HTML to keep the site alive. However, these languages, especially JavaScript, are old and complex. Many developers want to make life easier. This is why we have a new introduction to jQuery.

 JQuery provides developers with all the tools they need to implement an effective website that is highly interactive but requires less work. To give you some ideas, a JavaScript application that requires 10 lines of code can be implemented in jQuery, but only 2 lines or less. The apparent advantage of jQuery is that it is so familiar with developers that more than 60% of websites have used jQuery since its introduction.


Finally, building a website should be easy for people who are interested in it but need more care and attention. There are many tools on the internet that give you the power to build a fantastic website. You need time and energy to get in the way and absorb as much of it as possible.

We estimate that it will take less than a month to understand the basics, and it takes a lot of practice to create a simple, functional website. From there, you should try to build some tremendous looking future websites.

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